ECU Libraries Catalog

Making sense of criminal justice : policies and practices / G. Larry Mays, New Mexico State University, Rick Ruddell, University of Regina.

Author/creator Mays, G. Larry
Other author/creatorRuddell, Rick, 1961-
Format Book and Print
EditionSecond edition.
Publication Info New York : Oxford University Press, 2015.
Descriptionxiv, 367 pages : illustration ; 20 cm
Subject(s)
Contents section 1. Criminal justice policy -- 1. The politics and policy dichotomy -- The role of politics in the administration of justice -- Sources of law and policy -- Politics and legislative processes and functions -- Policymaking and criminal justice -- 2. Crime control versus due process -- The crime control model -- The due process model -- The practical differences between the models -- Crime control model policies -- Due process model policies.
Contents section 2. Law enforcement issues -- 3. The search for a guiding philosophy of policing -- Stages of police development -- The political era (1820s-1940s) -- Reform transition (late 1800s-early 1900s) -- The professional era (1940-1970) -- Days of protest : another transition (mid-1960s-mid-1970s) -- The community policing era (1970-2010) -- Community policing -- Search for a guiding philosophy for policing (2010 to present) -- 4. Police and the use of force -- Defining the terms -- Police and citizen interactions -- Influences on the use of force -- Laws -- Policies -- Training -- Departmental practice or police culture -- The characteristics of individual officers -- High-speed pursuits as deadly force -- Less-than-lethal force -- Police officer deaths -- Police shootings of civilians -- Remedies for unauthorized use of force -- 5. Gun control -- Firearms mortality -- Violent crime -- Firearms legislation -- Regulating the types of firearms -- Legislating access to firearms -- Controlling firearms use -- Effectiveness of gun control legislation -- Police interventions to reduce illegal gun use.
Contents section 3. Justice for all, or just for some? -- 6. Sentencing -- Getting tough -- Indeterminate to determinate sentencing -- Sentencing guidelines -- Mandatory minimum sentences -- Three-strikes legislation -- Truth-in-sentencing -- 7. Race, ethnicity, and justice -- Decision making in the criminal justice system -- Arrest -- Juvenile detention and incarceration -- Prosecution -- Adjudication -- Sentencing -- Punishment -- 8. Gender and justice -- Women as offenders in the criminal justice system -- Arrests -- Detention -- Prosecution and adjudication -- Criminal sanctions -- Treatment and rehabilitation resources -- Women as crime victims -- Women working in the criminal justice system -- 9. Wrongful convictions -- Scope of the problem -- Eyewitness misidentification -- False confessions and incriminating statements -- Informants -- Unvalidated or improper forensic science -- Misconduct -- Ineffective assistance of counsel.
Contents section 4. The challenges of correcting law-violating behavior -- 10. What are the alternatives? -- Specialized courts -- Drug diversion programs -- Intermediate sanctions -- Community-based jail programs -- Parole -- 11. Putting the brakes on correctional populations -- Imprisonment and crime control -- The rising cost of corrections -- Indirect costs of incarceration -- Rehabilitating prisoners -- Privatization -- 12. The death penalty -- Capital punishment in America : evolving conditions and practices -- Support for the death penalty -- Capital punishment policy -- The future of the death penalty -- 13. Juvenile crime and violence -- Juvenile crime trends -- Explaining changes in juvenile crime -- Cycles of juvenile justice -- Models for controlling juvenile crime -- Noninterventionist model -- Rehabilitation model -- Crime control model -- Evidence-based practice.
Contents section 5. Public safety and the future -- 14. Living in a post-9/11 world -- Federal legislation -- Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act -- The Antiterrorism and effective Death Penalty Act -- The USA Patriot Act -- Homeland Security -- Security versus liberty -- The changing legal environment -- 15. Making sense of criminal justice -- Understanding criminal justice policy -- Research and criminal justice policy -- Criminal justice in the 21st Century.
Bibliography noteIncludes bibliographical references and index.
LCCN 2013022357
ISBN9780199314133 (alk. paper)
ISBN0199314136 (alk. paper)

Available Items

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Joyner General Stacks HV9950 .M323 2015 Item has been checked out - Due: 05/02/2019 Want This?

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