||Introduction / Angana P. Chatterji, Thomas Blom Hansen, and Christophe Jaffrelot -- Part I. Majoritarianism as democracy. Democracy against the law : reflections on India's illiberal democracy / Thomas Blom Hansen ; A de facto ethnic democracy? : obliterating and targeting the Other, Hindu vigilantes, and the ethno-state / Christophe Jaffrelot ; Immoral times : vigilantism in a South Indian city / Ian M. Cook ; Reflections in the crowd : delegation, verisimilitude, and the Modi mask / Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi -- Part II. Debates on hegemony. Toward hegemony : the BJP beyond electoral dominance / Suhas Palshikar ; Can Modi and the BJP achieve and sustain hegemony? / James Manor -- Part III. The Sangh Parivar : a new deep state? Sangh and Sarkar : the RSS power centre shifts from Nagpur to New Delhi / Pralay Kanungo ; How the Sangh Parivar writes and teaches history / Tanika Sarkar -- Part IV. Economic policies and 'Modinomics.' Merchants of hype and hate : a political-economic evaluation of the Modi regime / Pranab Bardhan ; Contours of crony capitalism in the Modi Raj / A. K. Bhattacharya and Paranjoy Guha Thakurta -- Part V. The other 40 per cent : the Hindu nation and its margins. Dalits in post-2014 : between promise and action / Sukhadeo Thorat ; Rohith Vemula's revolutionary suicide / Abdul R. JanMohamed ; Hindutva incorporation and socioeconomic exclusion : the Adivasi dilemma / Nandini Sundar ; Kashmiris in the Hindu Rashtra / Mridu Rai ; Playing the waiting game : the BJP, Hindutva, and the Northeast / Arkotong Longkumer -- Part VI. Diplomacy and global aspiration -- Foreign policy under Modi : between aspiration and achievement / C. Raja Mohan ; Sculpting the saffron body : yoga Hindutva, and the international marketplace / Jyoti Puri -- Part VII. What rule of law? Aggressive Hindu nationalism : contextualising the triple Talaq controversy / Flavia Agnes ; 'Belief' in the rule of law and the Hindu nation and the rule of law / Ratna Kapur -- Part VIII. Gender and nation. Queer presence in/and Hindu nationalism / Paola Bacchetta ; Remaking the Hindu/nation : terror and impunity in Uttar Pradesh / Angana P. Chatterji.