||Chapter 1. Caves and rockshelters in medieval Europe: religious and secular use / Knut Andreas Bergsvik and Marion Dowd -- Part I: Northwestern Europe -- Chapter 2. Entering other realms: Sámi burials in natural rock cavities and caves in northern Fenno-Scandinavia between 900 BC and AD 1700 / Asgeir Svestad -- Chapter 3. The perception and use of caves and rockshelters in Late Iron Age and medieval western Norway, c. AD 550-1550 / Knut Andreas Bergsvik -- Chapter 4. A holy cave and womb: the sanctuary on the island of Selja and the birth of the first Norwegian saints / Alf Tore Hommedal -- Chapter 5. Signs from the Pictish underground: early medieval cave ritual at the Sculptor's Cave, north-east Scotland / Lindsey Büster and Ian Armit -- Chapter 6. Marking caves in Scotland and Iceland: characterising an early medieval phenomenon / Kristján Ahronson -- Chapter 7. Saintly asspociations with caves in Ireland from the early medieval period (AD 400-1169) through to recent times / Marion Dowd -- Part II: Iberia and the Mediterranean -- Chapter 8. Hidden in the depths, far from people: Funerary activities in the Lower Gallery of La Garma and the use of natural caves as burial places in early medieval Cantabria, northern Spain / Pablo Arias, Roberto Ontañón, Enrique Gutiérrez Cuenca, José Ángel Hierro Gárate, Francisco Etxeberria, Lourdes Herrasti and Paloma Uzquiano -- Chapter 9. Christian and Muslim patters of secular and religious cave use in the Iberian Peninsula in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (fifth/sixth to eleventh/twelfth centuries AD) / Manel Feijoó -- Chapter 10. The occupation and use of natural caves in the Ligurian-Piedmontese region between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (fifth to late seventh century AD) / Paolo de Vingo -- Chapter 11. The culture of rock-cut cemeteries and artificial ritual caves in Roman and Byzantine Malta / Mario Buhagiar -- Chapter 12. Investigating cave dwelling in medieval Malta (AD 800-1530) / Keith Buhagiar -- Part III: Central and eastern Europe -- Chapter 13. The use of caves for religious purposes in early medieval Germany (AD 500-1200) / Mechthild Schulze-Dörrlamm -- Chapter 14. Knights in the dark: on the function of Polish caves in the Middle Ages / Michał Wojenka -- Chapter 15. Medieval cave sites in the Czech Republic / Vladimír Peša -- Chapter 16. Bull Rock Cave (Býčí skála), Czech Republic, and its environs in the Middle Ages / Martin Golec -- Chapter 17. The form and fabric of Late Antique and medieval cave in Slovenia / Agni Prijatelj -- Chapter 18. The triconchial medieval cave churches of Eski-Kermen (Crimea): recent results of investigations / Nicolas V. Dneprovsky.