||1. Research on human skeletal biology in East Asia: a historical overview / Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham -- 2. Human ecology in continental and insular East Asia / Kate Pechenkina and Marc Oxenham -- Part 1: Biological indicators of population histories in East Asia -- 3. The population history of China and Mongolia from the Bronze Age to the Medieval period (2500 BC-AD 1500) / Christine Lee -- 4. Mongolian origins and cranio-morphometric variability: Neolithic to Mongolian Period / Tumen Dashtseveg -- 5. A nonmetric comparative study of past and contemporary Mongolian and Northeast Asian crania / Erdene Myagmar -- 6. Tuberculosis and population movement across the Sea of Japan from the Neolithic Period to the Eneolithic / Takao Suzuki -- 7. Biological connections across the Sea of Japan: a multivariate comparison of ancient and more modern crania from Japan, China, Korea, and Southeast Asia / Michael Pietrusewsky -- 8. Population dispersal from East Asia into Southeast Asia: evidence from cranial and dental morphology / Hirofumi Matsumura and Marc Oxenham. Part II. Community health. 9. Conflict and trauma among nomadic pastoralists on China's northern frontier / Jacqueline T. Eng and Zhang Quanchao -- 10. Stresses of life: a preliminary study of degenerative joint disease and dental health among ancient populations of Inner Asia / Michelle L. Machicek and Jeremy J. Beach -- 11. Dental wear and oral health as indicators of diet among the early Qin People: a case study from the Xishan site, Gansu Province / Wei Miao, Wang Tao, Zhao Congcang, Liu Wu, and Wang Changsui -- 12. Yangshao oral health from West to East: effects of increasing complexity and contacts with neighbors / Kate Pechenkina, Ma Xiaolin, Fan Wenquan, Wei Dong, and Zhang Quanchao -- 13. Life on the frontier: the paleopathology of human remains from the Chinese Early Imperial Taojiazhai Mortuary site / Zhang Jinglei -- 14. Bioarchaeological perspectives on systemic stress during the agricultural transition in prehistoric Japan / Daniel H. Temple and Clark Spencer Larsen -- 15. Change in the linear growth of long bones with the adoption of wet-rice agriculture in Japan / Kenji Okazaki -- 16. Trauma and infectious disease in Northern Japan: Okhotsk and Jomon / Marc Oxenham, Hirofumi Matsumura, and Allison Drake -- 17. A paleohealth assessment of the Shih-San-Hang site from Iron Age Taiwan / Liu Chin-Hsin, John Krigbaum, Tsang Cheng-Hwa, and Liu Yi-Chang -- 18. Trajectories of health in early farming communities of East Asia / Kate Pechenkina, Ma Xiaolin, and Fan Wenquan -- 19. East Asian bioarchaeology: major trends in a temporally, genetically, and eco-culturally diverse region / Marc Oxenham and Kate Pechenkina.