ECU Libraries Catalog

Redefining science : scientists, the national security state, and nuclear weapons in Cold War America / Paul Rubinson.

Author/creator Rubinson, Paul, 1977- author.
Format Book and Print
Publication Info Amherst : University of Massachusetts Press, [2016]
Descriptionxiv, 306 pages ; 24 cm.
Series Culture, politics, and the Cold War
Culture, politics, and the cold war. ^A406881
Contents Introduction: a tale of two hearings -- From "highly unreliable" to "patriotic and prompt": scientists confront the national security state, 1945/1957 -- Linus Pauling's "science of morality": challenging nuclear weapons, 1950/1963 -- Edward Teller's flexible response: defending nuclear weapons, 1954/1963 -- "Crucified on a cross of atoms": scientists and the Test Ban Treaty, 1957/1963 -- To "sail before the wind of time": scientists and disarmament after the Test Ban Treaty, 1963/1972 -- The dilemmas of Herbert York: opposition in the mainstream, 1952/1981 -- "An elaborate way of committing national suicide": Carl Sagan and nuclear winter, 1980/1989 -- "An emotional grassroots offensive": scientists, SDI, and the moral challenge to nuclear weapons, 1980/1991 -- Conclusion: the future of nuclear weapons.
Abstract "The Cold War forced scientists to reconcile their values of internationalism and objectivity with the increasingly militaristic uses of scientific knowledge. For decades, antinuclear scientists pursued nuclear disarmament in a variety of ways, from grassroots activism to transnational diplomacy and government science advising. The U.S. government ultimately withstood these efforts, redefining science as a strictly technical endeavor that enhanced national security and deeming science that challenged nuclear weapons on moral grounds "emotional" and patently unscientific. In response, many activist scientists restricted themselves to purely technical arguments for arms control. When antinuclear protest erupted in the 1980s, grassroots activists had moved beyond scientific and technical arguments for disarmament. Grounding their stance in the idea that nuclear weapons were immoral, they used the "emotional" arguments that most scientists had abandoned. Redefining Science shows that the government achieved its Cold War "consensus" only by active opposition to powerful dissenters and helps explain the current and uneasy relationship between scientists, the public, and government in debates over issues such as security, energy, and climate change."--Provided by publisher.
Bibliography noteIncludes bibliographical references and index.
LCCN 2016033965
ISBN9781625342447 paperback alkaline paper
ISBN1625342446 paperback alkaline paper
ISBN9781625342430 hardcover alkaline paper
ISBN1625342438 hardcover alkaline paper

Available Items

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